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KHOUZESTAN Salasel Castle Chogha Zanbil Ziggurat Shoush Castle Shaustar Historical Hydraulic Systems Shoush Apadana Palace Dezfool Water Mills


Khouzestan province is located in the southwest of Iran at the coast of Persian Gulf with the centrality of Ahvaz and is considered to be the center of oil and gas production in Iran. In terms of having different subcultures, Khouzestán is the most diverse province. Bakhtiaris, native Arabs, Persians, Lurs etc. reside in Khouzestan. Khouzestán province is the cradle of civilizations such as Elamite civilization due to its ancient history.

Salasel Castle

Shoushtar Salasel Castle is a huge fortress containing several yards, barracks, stables, bathrooms, shabestans, towers, gardens, armory, Naqqareh-Khaneh (Timpani House), haram, kitchen, large pools, fence and moat. This castle was registered in UNESCO World Heritage as the tenth Iranian monument on June, 26, 2009 as well as other 15 monuments of Shoushtar.

Chogha Zanbil Ziggurat

Ghogha Zanbil is an ancient temple belonging to Elam civilization that ruled 3500 BC Chogha Zanbil is remained from Dur Untash City (Town of Untash) and it is located near Susa (ancient city) in Khuzestan Province. This monument lies in Khuzestan Province, southeast of Susa. It was constructed in 1250 BC by Untash Napirisha the great king of Elam, mainly to honor the great god InShoushinak, the Susa's guard. The monument, along with Elam Civilization, was destroyed during Assyrian Ashurbanipal's attack a hidden under the ground until the contemporary period when Roman Ghirshman, the French archeologist who specialized in ancient Iran, excavated it. It was initially 52 meters high and consisted of 5 floors. Today, it is 25 meters high and only two and a half floors of it have remained. Chogha zanbil's infrastructure was a 105x105 square, i.e. twice as big as a soccer field. This structure is the first historical monument in Iran that was registered in UNESCO World Heritage in 1979. The world appreciates Chogha Zanbil as a valuable monument. Orientalists consider Chogha Zanbil as the first religious building in Iran.It is the biggest ziggurat in the world.

Shoush Castle

Jacques Jean Marie de Morgan came to Susa from France in 1897 to conduct research and discoveries and construction of Shoush Castle began for his and his companions' resident and maintaining the discovered ancient monuments. To this end, the highest point on Shoush hills, Acropol, was selected and a castle in the form of medieval and trapezoid was built on it. The building of the castle and ancient parts of other different periods that were remaining around the ancient area of Shoush was mainly made of the bricks. Its construction finished in 1912. The castle is still used as the center of keeping and studying ancient monuments. The nearest tourist attractions to the castle are Susa Museum and Apadana Palace.

Shaustar Historical Hydraulic Systems

Shoushtar is a city in Khouzestan province, southwest of Iran. It's situated at the foot of Zagros Mountains; about 90 km north of Ahvaz, in most historical periods from Sassanid to Pahlavi, this city was the capital of Khouzestan province. Shoushtar owes much of its fame to the historical hydraulic system located there. This system has been registered in UNESCO's list of World Cultural Heritage Sites in 2009, referred to as an masterpiece of creative genius.

Shoush Apadana Palace

The Achaemenid palace in Susa was built during the reign of Darius I the Great. It is built on an impressive terrace (cf. the terrace at Persepolis) and the design is closer to the palaces of Babylonia and Syria, with their numerous rooms, than to the Iranian residences (e.g., Pasargadae and the Tachara in Persepolis).

Dezfool Water Mills

Dezfoul city is in the north of Khouzestān and has 250 hectare of old structures. Dezfoul historical structures include precious adobe buildings with stunning and exquisite architecture. The historical mills of Dezfoul are an important part of the water structures in this city that are located on three parts of Dez River. The first water mill in Dezfoul was built in Sassanid era that was even used until Qajar and Pahlavid periods to pond wheat and had made city economy boom. There are about 5 to 60 mills, some of which are under the old bridge, and some others are under the new bridge